KMNO4 is not approved for use with food fish.
KMNO4 can cause damage to the gills of fish, thus should not be used or applied only with caution to fish that have known, significant gill disease.
Do not use KMNO4 if the pH of the water is smaller than 5.
The 15 minute potassium permanganate is DEMANDED.
Water used should be free of organic matter.
KMNO4 is algicidal so its use as a bath treatment should be avoided in phytoplankton rich tank or pond water.
potassium has not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use with tilapia. Thus, it is not currently legal to use this substance to treat tilapia especially if these fish or their offspring are intended for human consumption.
potassium may be legally used only if there is a current Investigational New Animal Drug Application (INADA) in effect for treatment of the particular disease at the particular site. It is the responsibility of the user to know if an INADA is in effect for potassium for use with tilapia on his or her site. The user must be familiar with and to comply with the conditions for an INADA for potassium.
KMNO4 is 100% active compound and comes as a crystalline powder.
Potassium permanganate is an oxidizing agent that has had widespread use for many years in fish culture. The compound is applied as a treatment for certain external bacterial, protozoan and metazoan parasite infections; and as a detoxicant for rotenone, antimycin and H2S.
The use of KMNO4 to increase oxygen concentration in O2 depleted pond water was once thought to be an important benefit of this compound. However, research results have demonstrated that the amount of molecular oxygen contributed to the water is small and toxicity to photosynthetic organisms and subsequent breakdown of organic matter has detrimental effects on the water quality. Thus, use of KMNO4 in pond or tank environments with a high density of algae should not be done without a strong justification. Moreover, if applied under these conditions frequent monitoring of oxygen levels must be carried-out during and after the treatment.
Organic matter in water reacts with KMNO4 and increases the amount of the compound needed to maintain a therapeutic dosage level for disease treatments. For prolonged bath treatment in tanks or ponds, the dosage of KMNO4 should be determined by doing a þ15 minute KMNO4 demandþ. The demand amount is then added to 4 mg/l to determine the dosage level used. It is not necessary to do a 15 minute demand study, when a high dosage KMNO4 dip treatment is used. potassium&*
|file: /Techref/other/pond/tilapia/potassium.htm, 3KB, , updated: 2009/7/14 14:45, local time: 2016/5/29 14:25,
|©2016 These pages are served without commercial sponsorship. (No popup ads, etc...).Bandwidth abuse increases hosting cost forcing sponsorship or shutdown. This server aggressively defends against automated copying for any reason including offline viewing, duplication, etc... Please respect this requirement and DO NOT RIP THIS SITE. Questions?|
<A HREF="http://www.piclist.com/techref/other/pond/tilapia/potassium.htm"> Potassium Permanganate (KMnO4)</A>
|Did you find what you needed?|
PICList 2016 contributors:
o List host: MIT, Site host massmind.org, Top posters @20160529 RussellMc, Neil, IVP, Bob Blick, Richard Pope, James Cameron, Jean-Paul Louis, embedded systems, John Gardner, alan.b.pearce,
* Page Editors: James Newton, David Cary, and YOU!
* Roman Black of Black Robotics donates from sales of Linistep stepper controller kits.
* Ashley Roll of Digital Nemesis donates from sales of RCL-1 RS232 to TTL converters.
* Monthly Subscribers: Gregg Rew. on-going support is MOST appreciated!
* Contributors: Richard Seriani, Sr.
Welcome to www.piclist.com!