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PROCESS_HEAP_ENTRY info  Overview  Group

The PROCESS_HEAP_ENTRY structure contains information about a heap element. The HeapWalk function uses a PROCESS_HEAP_ENTRY structure to enumerate the elements of a heap.

typedef struct _PROCESS_HEAP_ENTRY {

    PVOID lpData;

    DWORD cbData;

    BYTE cbOverhead;

    BYTE iRegionIndex;

    WORD wFlags;

    union {

        struct {

            HANDLE hMem;

            DWORD dwReserved[ 3 ];

        } Block;

        struct {

            DWORD dwCommittedSize;

            DWORD dwUnCommittedSize;

            LPVOID lpFirstBlock;

            LPVOID lpLastBlock;

        } Region;

    };

} PROCESS_HEAP_ENTRY; 

 

Members

lpData
Points to the data portion of the heap element.

To initiate a HeapWalk heap enumeration, set lpData to NULL.

If the PROCESS_HEAP_REGION bit flag is set in the wFlags member, lpData points to the first virtual address used by the region.

If the PROCESS_HEAP_UNCOMMITTED_RANGE bit flag is set in wFlags, lpData points to the beginning of the range of uncommitted memory.

cbData
Specifies the size, in bytes, of the data portion of the heap element.

If the PROCESS_HEAP_REGION bit flag is set in wFlags, cbData specifies the total size, in bytes, of the address space that is reserved for this region.

If the PROCESS_HEAP_UNCOMMITTED_RANGE bit flag is set in wFlags, cbData specifies the size, in bytes, of the range of uncommitted memory.

cbOverhead
Specifies the size, in bytes, of the data used by the system to maintain information about the heap element. These overhead bytes are in addition to the cbData bytes of the data portion of the heap element.

If the PROCESS_HEAP_REGION bit flag is set in wFlags, cbOverhead specifies the size, in bytes, of the heap control structures that describe the region.

If the PROCESS_HEAP_UNCOMMITTED_RANGE bit flag is set in wFlags, cbOverhead specifies the size, in bytes, of the control structures that describe this uncommitted range.

iRegionIndex
Identifies the heap region that contains the heap element. A heap consists of one or more regions of virtual memory, each with a unique region index.

In the first heap entry returned for most heap regions, HeapWalk sets the PROCESS_HEAP_REGION flag in the wFlags member. When this flag is set, the members of the Region structure contain additional information about the region.

The HeapAlloc function sometimes uses the VirtualAlloc function to allocate large blocks from a growable heap. The heap manager treats such a large block allocation as a separate region with a unique region index. HeapWalk does not set the PROCESS_HEAP_REGION flag in the heap entry returned for a large block region, so the members of the Region structure are not valid. You can use the VirtualQuery function to get additional information about a large block region.

wFlags
A set of bit flags that specify properties of the heap element. Some of these flags affect the meaning of other members of this PROCESS_HEAP_ENTRY data structure. The following bit-flag constants are defined:

Value

Meaning

PROCESS_HEAP_REGION

If this flag is set, the heap element is located at the beginning of a region of contiguous virtual memory in use by the heap.

If this flag is set, the lpData member of the structure points to the first virtual address used by the region; the cbData member specifies the total size, in bytes, of the address space that is reserved for this region; and the cbOverhead member specifies the size, in bytes, of the heap control structures that describe the region.

If this flag is set, the Region structure becomes valid. The dwCommittedSize, dwUnCommittedSize, lpFirstBlock, and lpLastBlock members of the structure contain additional information about the region.

PROCESS_HEAP_UNCOMMITTED_RANGE

If this flag is set, the heap element is located in a range of uncommitted memory within the heap region.

If this flag is set, the lpData member points to the beginning of the range of uncommitted memory; the cbData member specifies the size, in bytes, of the range of uncommitted memory; and the cbOverhead member specifies the size, in bytes, of the control structures that describe this uncommitted range.

PROCESS_HEAP_ENTRY_BUSY

If this flag is set, the heap element is an allocated block.

If both this flag and the PROCESS_HEAP_ENTRY_MOVEABLE flag are set, the Block structure becomes valid. The hMem member of the Block structure contains a handle to the allocated, moveable memory block.

PROCESS_HEAP_ENTRY_MOVEABLE

This flag is only valid if the PROCESS_HEAP_ENTRY_BUSY flag is set, indicating that the heap element is an allocated block.

If this flag is valid and set, the block was allocated with the LMEM_MOVEABLE or GMEM_MOVEABLE flag, and the Block structure becomes valid. The hMem member of the Block structure contains a handle to the allocated, moveable memory block.

PROCESS_HEAP_ENTRY_DDESHARE

This flag is only valid if the PROCESS_HEAP_ENTRY_BUSY flag is set, indicating that the heap element is an allocated block.

If this flag is valid and set, the block was allocated with the GMEM_DDESHARE flag. For a discussion of the GMEM_DDESHARE flag, see GlobalAlloc .

Block
This structure is valid only if both the PROCESS_HEAP_ENTRY_BUSY and PROCESS_HEAP_ENTRY_MOVEABLE flags in wFlags are set.

The members of the Block structure are as follows:

Member

Description

hMem

Contains a handle to the allocated, moveable memory block.

dwReserved

Reserved; not used.

Region
This structure is valid only if the PROCESS_HEAP_REGION flag is set in the wFlags member.

The members of the Region structure are as follows:

Member

Description

dwCommittedSize

Specifies the number of bytes in the heap region that are currently committed as free memory blocks, busy memory blocks, or heap control structures.

This is an optional field that is set to zero if the number of committed bytes is not available.

dwUnCommittedSize

Specifies the number of bytes in the heap region that are currently uncommitted.

This is an optional field that is set to zero if the number of uncommitted bytes is not available.

lpFirstBlock

Pointer to the first valid memory block in this heap region.

lpLastBlock

Pointer to the first invalid memory block in thisheap region.

See Also

GlobalAlloc, HeapAlloc, HeapWalk, VirtualAlloc, VirtualQuery 


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