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BITMAPINFO info  Overview  Group

The BITMAPINFO structure defines the dimensions and color information for a Windows device-independent bitmap (DIB).

typedef struct tagBITMAPINFO { // bmi 

   BITMAPINFOHEADER bmiHeader; 

   RGBQUAD          bmiColors[1]; 

} BITMAPINFO; 

 

Members

bmiHeader
Specifies a BITMAPINFOHEADER structure that contains information about the dimensions and color format of a DIB.
bmiColors
Specifies an array of RGBQUAD or doubleword data types that define the colors in the bitmap.

Remarks

A device-independent bitmap consists of two distinct parts: a BITMAPINFO structure describing the dimensions and colors of the bitmap, and an array of bytes defining the pixels of the bitmap. The bits in the array are packed together, but each scan line must be padded with zeroes to end on a LONG data-type boundary. If the height is positive, the bitmap is a bottom-up DIB and its origin is the lower left corner. If the height is negative, the bitmap is a top-down DIB and its origin is the upper left corner.

The biBitCount member of the BITMAPINFOHEADER structure determines the number of bits that define each pixel and the maximum number of colors in the bitmap. This member can be one of the following values:

Value

Meaning

1

The bitmap is monochrome, and the bmiColors member contains two entries. Each bit in the bitmap array represents a pixel. If the bit is clear, the pixel is displayed with the color of the first entry in the bmiColors table; if the bit is set, the pixel has the color of the second entry in the table.

4

The bitmap has a maximum of 16 colors, and the bmiColors member contains up to 16 entries. Each pixel in the bitmap is represented by a 4-bit index into the color table. For example, if the first byte in the bitmap is 0x1F, the byte represents two pixels. The first pixel contains the color in the second table entry, and the second pixel contains the color in the sixteenth table entry.

8

The bitmap has a maximum of 256 colors, and the bmiColors member contains up to 256 entries. In this case, each byte in the array represents a single pixel.

16

The bitmap has a maximum of 2^16 colors. If the biCompression member of the BITMAPINFOHEADER is BI_RGB, the bmiColors member is NULL. Each WORD in the bitmap array represents a single pixel. The relative intensities of red, green, and blue are represented with 5 bits for each color component. The value for blue is in the least significant 5 bits, followed by 5 bits each for green and red, respectively. The most significant bit is not used.

If the biCompression member of the BITMAPINFOHEADER is BI_BITFIELDS, the bmiColors member contains three DWORD color masks that specify the red, green, and blue components, respectively, of each pixel. Each WORD in the bitmap array represents a single pixel.

Windows NT: When the biCompression member is BI_BITFIELDS, bits set in each DWORD mask must be contiguous and should not overlap the bits of another mask. All the bits in the pixel do not have to be used.

Windows 95: When the biCompression member is BI_BITFIELDS, Windows 95 supports only the following 16bpp color masks: A 5-5-5 16-bit image, where the blue mask is 0x001F, the green mask is 0x03E0, and the red mask is 0x7C00; and a 5-6-5 16-bit image, where the blue mask is 0x001F, the green mask is 0x07E0, and the red mask is 0xF800.

24

The bitmap has a maximum of 2^24 colors, and the bmiColors member is NULL. Each 3-byte triplet in the bitmap array represents the relative intensities of blue, green, and red, respectively, for a pixel.

32

The bitmap has a maximum of 2^32 colors. If the biCompression member of the BITMAPINFOHEADER is BI_RGB, the bmiColors member is NULL. Each DWORD in the bitmap array represents the relative intensities of blue, green, and red, respectively, for a pixel. The high byte in each DWORD is not used.

If the biCompression member of the BITMAPINFOHEADER is BI_BITFIELDS, the bmiColors member contains three DWORD color masks that specify the red, green, and blue components, respectively, of each pixel. Each DWORD in the bitmap array represents a single pixel.

Windows NT: When the biCompression member is BI_BITFIELDS, bits set in each DWORD mask must be contiguous and should not overlap the bits of another mask. All the bits in the pixel do not have to be used.

Windows 95: When the biCompression member is BI_BITFIELDS, Windows 95 supports only the following 32bpp color mask: The blue mask is 0x000000FF, the green mask is 0x0000FF00, and the red mask is 0x00FF0000.

The biClrUsed member of the BITMAPINFOHEADER structure specifies the number of color indices in the color table that are actually used by the bitmap. If the biClrUsed member is set to zero, the bitmap uses the maximum number of colors corresponding to the value of the biBitCount member.

The colors in the bmiColors table should appear in order of importance.

Alternatively, for functions that use DIBs, the bmiColors member can be an array of 16-bit unsigned integers that specify indices into the currently realized logical palette, instead of explicit RGB values. In this case, an application using the bitmap must call the DIB functions (CreateDIBitmap, CreateDIBPatternBrush, and CreateDIBSection) with the iUsage parameter set to DIB_PAL_COLORS.

If the bitmap is a packed bitmap (a bitmap in which the bitmap array immediately follows the BITMAPINFO header and which is referenced by a single pointer), the biClrUsed member must be set to an even number when using the DIB_PAL_COLORS mode so the DIB bitmap array starts on a doubleword boundary.

Note  The bmiColors member should not contain palette indices if the bitmap is to be stored in a file or transferred to another application. Unless the application has exclusive use and control of the bitmap, the bitmap color table should contain explicit RGB values.

See Also

BITMAPINFOHEADER, CreateDIBitmap, CreateDIBPatternBrush, CreateDIBSection, RGBQUAD 

See:

See also:


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