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WM_SYSKEYUP Overview  Group

The WM_SYSKEYUP message is posted to the window with the keyboard focus when the user releases a key that was pressed while the ALT key was held down. It also occurs when no window currently has the keyboard focus; in this case, the WM_SYSKEYUP message is sent to the active window. The window that receives the message can distinguish between these two contexts by checking the context code in the lKeyData parameter.

WM_SYSKEYUP 

nVirtKey = (int) wParam;    // virtual-key code 

lKeyData = lParam;          // key data 

 

Parameters

nVirtKey
Value of wParam. Specifies the virtual-key code of the key being released.
lKeyData
Value of lParam. Specifies the repeat count, scan code, extended-key flag, context code, previous key-state flag, and transition-state flag, as shown in the following table:

Value

Description

0-15

Specifies the repeat count for the current message. The value is the number of times the keystroke is auto-repeated as a result of the user holding down the key. The repeat count is always one for a WM_SYSKEYUP message.

16-23

Specifies the scan code. The value depends on the original equipment manufacturer (OEM).

24

Specifies whether the key is an extended key, such as the right-hand ALT and CTRL keys that appear on an enhanced 101- or 102-key keyboard. The value is 1 if it is an extended key; otherwise, it is 0.

25-28

Reserved; do not use.

29

Specifies the context code. The value is 1 if the ALT key is down while the key is released; it is 0 if the WM_SYSKEYDOWN message is posted to the active window because no window has the keyboard focus.

30

Specifies the previous key state. The value is always 1 for a WM_SYSKEYUP message.

31

Specifies the transition state. The value is always 1 for a WM_SYSKEYUP message.

Return Values

An application should return zero if it processes this message.

Default Action

The DefWindowProc function sends a WM_SYSCOMMAND message to the top-level window if the F10 key or the ALT key was released. The wParam parameter of the message is set to SC_KEYMENU.

Remarks

When the context code is zero, the message can be passed to the TranslateAccelerator function, which will handle it as though it were a normal key message instead of a system character-key message. This allows accelerator keys to be used with the active window even if the active window does not have the keyboard focus.

For enhanced 101- and 102-key keyboards, extended keys are the right ALT and CTRL keys on the main section of the keyboard; the INS, DEL, HOME, END, PAGE UP, PAGE DOWN and arrow keys in the clusters to the left of the numeric keypad; and the divide (/) and ENTER keys in the numeric keypad. Other keyboards may support the extended-key bit in the lKeyData parameter.

For non-U.S. enhanced 102-key keyboards, the right ALT key is handled as a CTRL+ALT key. The following table shows the sequence of messages that result when the user presses and releases this key:

Message

Virtual-key code

WM_KEYDOWN

VK_CONTROL

WM_KEYDOWN

VK_MENU

WM_KEYUP

VK_CONTROL

WM_SYSKEYUP

VK_MENU

See Also

DefWindowProc, TranslateAccelerator, WM_SYSCOMMAND, WM_SYSKEYDOWN


file: /Techref/os/win/api/win32/mess/src/msg28_12.htm, 6KB, , updated: 2000/4/7 12:20, local time: 2022/5/27 06:16,
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