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SleepEx info  Overview  Group

The SleepEx function causes the current thread to enter a wait state until one of the following occurs:

    DWORD dwMilliseconds,

// time-out interval in milliseconds

    BOOL bAlertable 

// early completion flag

   );

Parameters

dwMilliseconds
Specifies the time, in milliseconds, that the delay is to occur. A value of zero causes the function to return immediately. A value of INFINITE causes an infinite delay.
bAlertable
Specifies whether the function may terminate early due to an I/O completion callback function or an APC. If bAlertable is FALSE, the function does not return until the time-out period has elapsed. If an I/O completion callback occurs, the function does not return and the I/O completion function is not executed. If an APC is queued to the thread, the function does not return and the APC function is not executed.

If bAlertable is TRUE and the thread that called this function is the same thread that called the extended I/O function (ReadFileEx or WriteFileEx), the function returns when either the time-out period has elapsed or when an I/O completion callback function occurs. If an I/O completion callback occurs, the I/O completion function is called. If an APC is queued to the thread (QueueUserAPC), the function returns when either the timer-out period has elapsed or when the APC function is called.

Return Values

The return value is zero if the specified time interval expired.

The return value is WAIT_IO_COMPLETION if the function returned due to one or more I/O completion callback functions. This can happen only if bAlertable is TRUE, and if the thread that called the SleepEx function is the same thread that called the extended I/O function.

Remarks

This function can be used with the ReadFileEx or WriteFileEx functions to suspend a thread until an I/O operation has been completed. These functions specify a completion routine that is to be executed when the I/O operation has been completed. For the completion routine to be executed, the thread that called the I/O function must be in an alertable wait state when the completion callback function occurs. A thread goes into an alertable wait state by calling either SleepEx, MsgWaitForMultipleObjectsEx, WaitForSingleObjectEx, or WaitForMultipleObjectsEx, with the functionís bAlertable parameter set to TRUE.

A thread can relinquish the remainder of its time slice by calling this function with a sleep time of zero milliseconds.

You have to be careful when using SleepEx and code that directly or indirectly creates windows. If a thread creates any windows, it must process messages. Message broadcasts are sent to all windows in the system. If you have a thread that uses SleepEx with infinite delay, the system will deadlock. Two examples of code that indirectly creates windows are DDE and COM CoInitialize. Therefore, if you have a thread that creates windows, use MsgWaitForMultipleObjects or MsgWaitForMultipleObjectsEx, rather than SleepEx.

See Also

MsgWaitForMultipleObjects, MsgWaitForMultipleObjectsEx, QueueUserAPC, ReadFileEx, Sleep, WaitForMultipleObjectsEx, WaitForSingleObjectEx, WriteFileEx

See also:


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