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SetWindowsHookEx info  Overview  Group

The SetWindowsHookEx function installs an application-defined hook procedure into a hook chain. You would install a hook procedure to monitor the system for certain types of events. These events are associated either with a specific thread or with all threads in the system.

HHOOK SetWindowsHookEx(

    int idHook,

// type of hook to install

    HOOKPROC lpfn,

// address of hook procedure

    HINSTANCE hMod,

// handle of application instance

    DWORD dwThreadId 

// identity of thread to install hook for

   );

Parameters

idHook
Specifies the type of hook procedure to be installed. This parameter can be one of the following values:

Value

Description

WH_CALLWNDPROC

Installs a hook procedure that monitors messages before the system sends them to the destination window procedure. For more information, see the CallWndProc hook procedure.

WH_CALLWNDPROCRET

Installs a hook procedure that monitors messages after they have been processed by the destination window procedure. For more information, see the CallWndRetProc hook procedure.

WH_CBT

Installs a hook procedure that receives notifications useful to a computer-based training (CBT) application. For more information, see the CBTProc hook procedure.

WH_DEBUG

Installs a hook procedure useful for debugging other hook procedures. For more information, see the DebugProc hook procedure.

WH_GETMESSAGE

Installs a hook procedure that monitors messages posted to a message queue. For more information, see the GetMsgProc hook procedure.

WH_JOURNALPLAYBACK

Installs a hook procedure that posts messages previously recorded by a WH_JOURNALRECORD hook procedure. For more information, see the JournalPlaybackProc hook procedure.

WH_JOURNALRECORD

Installs a hook procedure that records input messages posted to the system message queue. This hook is useful for recording macros. For more information, see the JournalRecordProc hook procedure.

WH_KEYBOARD

Installs a hook procedure that monitors keystroke messages. For more information, see the KeyboardProc hook procedure.

WH_KEYBOARD_LL

Windows NT only: Installs a hook procedure that monitors low-level keyboard input events. For more information, see the LowLevelKeyboardProc hook procedure.

WH_MOUSE

Installs a hook procedure that monitors mouse messages. For more information, see the MouseProc hook procedure.

WH_MOUSE_LL

Windows NT only: Installs a hook procedure that monitors low-level mouse input events. For more information, see the LowLevelMouseProc hook procedure.

WH_MSGFILTER

Installs a hook procedure that monitors messages generated as a result of an input event in a dialog box, message box, menu, or scroll bar. For more information, see the MessageProc hook procedure.

WH_SHELL

Installs a hook procedure that receives notifications useful to shell applications. For more information, see the ShellProc hook procedure.

WH_SYSMSGFILTER

Installs a hook procedure that monitors messages generated as a result of an input event in a dialog box, message box, menu, or scroll bar. The hook procedure monitors these messages for all applications in the system. For more information, see the SysMsgProc hook procedure.

lpfn
Points to the hook procedure. If the dwThreadId parameter is zero or specifies the identifier of a thread created by a different process, the lpfn parameter must point to a hook procedure in a dynamic-link library (DLL). Otherwise, lpfn can point to a hook procedure in the code associated with the current process.
hMod
Identifies the DLL containing the hook procedure pointed to by the lpfn parameter. The hMod parameter must be set to NULL if the dwThreadId parameter specifies a thread created by the current process and if the hook procedure is within the code associated with the current process.
dwThreadId
Specifies the identifier of the thread with which the hook procedure is to be associated. If this parameter is zero, the hook procedure is associated with all existing threads.

Return Values

If the function succeeds, the return value is the handle of the hook procedure.

If the function fails, the return value is NULL. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.

Remarks

An error may occur if the hMod parameter is NULL and the dwThreadId parameter is zero or specifies the identifier of a thread created by another process.

Calling the CallNextHookEx function to chain to the next hook procedure is optional, but it is highly recommended; otherwise, other applications that have installed hooks will not receive hook notifications and may behave incorrectly as a result. You should call CallNextHookEx unless you absolutely need to prevent the notification from being seen by other applications.

Before terminating, an application must call the UnhookWindowsHookEx function to free system resources associated with the hook.

The scope of a hook depends on the hook type. Some hooks can be set only with system scope; others can also be set for only a specific thread, as shown in the following list:

Hook

Scope

WH_CALLWNDPROC

Thread or system

WH_CALLWNDPROCRET

Thread or system

WH_CBT

Thread or system

WH_DEBUG

Thread or system

WH_GETMESSAGE

Thread or system

WH_JOURNALPLAYBACK

System only

WH_JOURNALRECORD

System only

WH_KEYBOARD

Thread or system

WH_KEYBOARD_LL

Thread or system

WH_MOUSE

Thread or system

WH_MOUSE_LL

Thread or system

WH_MSGFILTER

Thread or system

WH_SHELL

Thread or system

WH_SYSMSGFILTER

System only

For a specified hook type, thread hooks are called first, then system hooks.

The system hooks are a shared resource, and installing one affects all applications. All system hook functions must be in libraries. System hooks should be restricted to special-purpose applications or to use as a development aid during application debugging. Libraries that no longer need a hook should remove the hook procedure.

See Also

CallNextHookEx, CallWndProc, CallWndRetProc, CBTProc, DebugProc, GetMsgProc, JournalPlaybackProc, JournalRecordProc, LowLevelKeyboardProc, LowLevelMouseProc KeyboardProc, MouseProc, MessageProc, ShellProc, SysMsgProc, UnhookWindowsHookEx

See also:


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