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SetWindowLong info  Overview  Group

The SetWindowLong function changes an attribute of the specified window. The function also sets a 32-bit (long) value at the specified offset into the extra window memory of a window.

LONG SetWindowLong(

    HWND hWnd,

// handle of window

    int nIndex,

// offset of value to set

    LONG dwNewLong 

// new value



Identifies the window and, indirectly, the class to which the window belongs.
Specifies the zero-based offset to the value to be set. Valid values are in the range zero through the number of bytes of extra window memory, minus 4; for example, if you specified 12 or more bytes of extra memory, a value of 8 would be an index to the third 32-bit integer. To set any other value, specify one of the following values:




Sets a new extended window style.


Sets a new window style.


Sets a new address for the window procedure.


Sets a new application instance handle.


Sets a new identifier of the window.


Sets the 32-bit value associated with the window. Each window has a corresponding 32-bit value intended for use by the application that created the window.

The following values are also available when the hWnd parameter identifies a dialog box:




Sets the new address of the dialog box procedure.


Sets the return value of a message processed in the dialog box procedure.


Sets new extra information that is private to the application, such as handles or pointers.

Specifies the replacement value.

Return Values

If the function succeeds, the return value is the previous value of the specified 32-bit integer.

If the function fails, the return value is zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.

If the previous value of the specified 32-bit integer is zero, and the function succeeds, the return value is zero, but the function does not clear the last error information. This makes it difficult to determine success or failure. To deal with this, you should clear the last error information by calling SetLastError(0) before calling SetWindowLong. Then, function failure will be indicated by a return value of zero and a GetLastError result that is nonzero.


The SetWindowLong function fails if the window specified by the hWnd parameter does not belong to the same process as the calling thread.

If you use the SetWindowLong function and the GWL_WNDPROC index to replace the window procedure, the window procedure must conform to the guidelines specified in the description of the WindowProc callback function.

Calling SetWindowLong with the GWL_WNDPROC index creates a subclass of the window class used to create the window. An application should not subclass a window created by another process. The SetWindowLong function creates the window subclass by changing the window procedure associated with a particular window, causing Windows to call the new window procedure instead of the previous one. An application must pass any messages not processed by the new window procedure to the previous window procedure by calling CallWindowProc. This allows the application to create a chain of window procedures.

Reserve extra window memory by specifying a nonzero value in the cbWndExtra member of the WNDCLASS structure used with the RegisterClass function.

You must not call SetWindowLong with the GWL_HWNDPARENT index to change the parent of a child window. Instead, use the SetParent function.

See Also

CallWindowProc, GetWindowLong, GetWindowWord, RegisterClass, SetParent, SetWindowWord, WindowProc, WNDCLASS


See also:

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