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OpenFile info  Overview  Group

The OpenFile function creates, opens, reopens, or deletes a file.

This function is provided for compatibility with 16-bit versions of Windows. In particular, the OpenFile function cannot open a named pipe. Win32-based applications should use the CreateFile function.

HFILE OpenFile(

    LPCSTR lpFileName,

// pointer to filename

    LPOFSTRUCT lpReOpenBuff,

// pointer to buffer for file information

    UINT uStyle

// action and attributes

   );

Parameters

lpFileName
Points to a null-terminated string that names the file to be opened. The string must consist of characters from the Windows 3.x character set. The OpenFile function does not support Unicode filenames.
lpReOpenBuff
Points to the OFSTRUCT structure that receives information about the file when it is first opened. The structure can be used in subsequent calls to the OpenFile function to refer to the open file.

The OFSTRUCT structure contains a pathname string member whose length is limited to OFS_MAXPATHNAME characters. OFS_MAXPATHNAME is currently defined to be 128. Because of this, you cannot use the OpenFile function to open a file whose path length exceeds 128 characters. The CreateFile function does not have such a path length limitation.

uStyle
Specifies the action to take. The following values can be combined by using the bitwise OR operator:

Value

Meaning

OF_CANCEL

Ignored. In the Win32 application programming interface (API), the OF_PROMPT style produces a dialog box containing a Cancel button.

OF_CREATE

Creates a new file. If the file already exists, it is truncated to zero length.

OF_DELETE

Deletes the file.

OF_EXIST

Opens the file and then closes it. Used to test for a file’s existence.

OF_PARSE

Fills the OFSTRUCT structure but carries out no other action.

OF_PROMPT

Displays a dialog box if the requested file does not exist. The dialog box informs the user that Windows cannot find the file, and it contains Retry and Cancel buttons. Choosing the Cancel button directs OpenFile to return a file-not-found error message.

OF_READ

Opens the file for reading only.

OF_READWRITE

Opens the file for reading and writing.

OF_REOPEN

Opens the file using information in the reopen buffer.

OF_SHARE_COMPAT

For MS-DOS-based file systems using the Win32 API, opens the file with compatibility mode, allowing any process on a specified computer to open the file any number of times. Other efforts to open with any other sharing mode fail.

Windows NT: This flag is mapped to the CreateFile function's FILE_SHARE_READ | FILE_SHARE_WRITE flags.

OF_SHARE_DENY_NONE

Opens the file without denying read or write access to other processes. On MS-DOS-based file systems using the Win32 API, if the file has been opened in compatibility mode by any other process, the function fails.

Windows NT: This flag is mapped to the CreateFile function's FILE_SHARE_READ | FILE_SHARE_WRITE flags.

OF_SHARE_DENY_READ

Opens the file and denies read access to other processes. On MS-DOS-based file systems using the Win32 API, if the file has been opened in compatibility mode or for read access by any other process, the function fails. Windows NT: This flag is mapped to the CreateFile function's FILE_SHARE_WRITE flag.

OF_SHARE_DENY_WRITE

Opens the file and denies write access to other processes. On MS-DOS-based file systems using the Win32 API, if the file has been opened in compatibility mode or for write access by any other process, the function fails.

Windows NT: This flag is mapped to the CreateFile function's FILE_SHARE_READ flag.

OF_SHARE_EXCLUSIVE

Opens the file with exclusive mode, denying both read and write access to other processes. If the file has been opened in any other mode for read or write access, even by the current process, the function fails.

OF_VERIFY

Verifies that the date and time of the file are the same as when it was previously opened. This is useful as an extra check for read-only files.

OF_WRITE

Opens the file for writing only.

Return Values

If the function succeeds, the return value specifies a file handle.

If the function fails, the return value is HFILE_ERROR. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.

Remarks

If the lpFileName parameter specifies a filename and extension only, this function searches for a matching file in the following directories, in the order shown:

  1. The directory from which the application loaded.

  2. The current directory.

  3. Windows 95: The Windows system directory. Use the GetSystemDirectory function to get the path of this directory.

    Windows NT: The 32-bit Windows system directory. Use the GetSystemDirectory function to get the path of this directory. The name of this directory is SYSTEM32.

  4. Windows NT: The 16-bit Windows system directory. There is no Win32 function that obtains the path of this directory, but it is searched. The name of this directory is SYSTEM.

  5. The Windows directory. Use the GetWindowsDirectory function to get the path of this directory.

  6. The directories that are listed in the PATH environment variable.

The lpFileName parameter cannot contain wildcard characters.

The Win32 OpenFile function does not support the OF_SEARCH flag supported by the 16-bit Windows OpenFile function. The OF_SEARCH flag directs Windows to search for a matching file even when the filename includes a full path. To search for a file in a Win32-based application, use the SearchPath function.

To close the file after use, call the _lclose function.

See Also

CreateFile, GetSystemDirectory, GetWindowsDirectory, _lclose, OFSTRUCT, SearchPath

See also:

Comments:


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