The ExitThread function ends a thread.
// exit code for this thread
This function does not return a value.
ExitThread is the preferred method of exiting a thread. When this function is called (either explicitly or by returning from a thread procedure), the current threadís stack is deallocated and the thread terminates. The entry-point function of all attached dynamic-link libraries (DLLs) is invoked with a value indicating that the thread is detaching from the DLL.
If the thread is the last thread in the process when this function is called, the threadís process is also terminated.
The state of the thread object becomes signaled, releasing any other threads that had been waiting for the thread to terminate. The threadís termination status changes from STILL_ACTIVE to the value of the dwExitCode parameter.
Terminating a thread does not necessarily remove the thread object from the operating system. A thread object is deleted when the last handle to the thread is closed.
The ExitProcess, ExitThread, CreateThread, CreateRemoteThread functions, and a process that is starting (as the result of a CreateProcess call) are serialized between each other within a process. Only one of these events can happen in an address space at a time. This means the following restrictions hold:
A thread that uses functions from the C run-time libraries should use the _beginthread and _endthread C run-time functions for thread management rather than CreateThread and ExitThread. Failure to do so results in small memory leaks when ExitThread is called.
CreateProcess, CreateRemoteThread, CreateThread, ExitProcess, FreeLibraryAndExitThread, GetExitCodeThread, TerminateThread
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