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A quick guide to CRC:

With example calcuation of CRC 16

by Pierre Desrochers

CRC16 calculation is a very simple task once you understand how it is done.  De math part only condenses the calculations so you dont have to replicate the "pencil and paper method" and use half your memory area to do it.

The poly is a number that you use as your base CRC number calculation.

For instance, 1 you select your start CRC, either all ZEROs 0000 0000 0000 0000 or all ONEs 1111 1111 1111 1111. 

Lets start with 1.
To this point, your CRC is 1111 1111 1111 1111 in Hex its FFFF

Lets also pick the number 54 to calculate the Rev CRC16 of a single Byte of Data

In a reverse CRC16 we Sift all single BIT or your Data and at each sequence we right shift all bit of the CRC

Data = 54, being 0101 0100 becomes 0010 1010 (they shifted one bit to the right)
CRC=1111 1111 1111 1111 becomes 0111 1111 1111 1111

Lets begin:

Now we ADD the polynominal number which is #8408 = 1000 0100 0000 1000 (will explain this number later) to the CRC

Here we do the XOR which in fact is a binairy ADD with no carry:

0111 1111 1111 1111  --------- CRC
1000 0100 0000 1000 --------- Poly
1111 1011 1111 0111 --------- New CRC (see the ADD of individual Bits with no carry? its a XOR)

(0010 1010) ---- the Data right shifted once

Check the rightmost BIT of the Data and compare it to the one of the CRC
IF they are equal you right shift your CRC and Data
IF they are not you right shift AND ADD the polynominal number again.

A Byte having 8 BITs you do this 8 times and have the final CRC result.

So every single step you compare the LSB of the CRC and of the Data to select if you Right shift and then ADD or if you only rightshift.

Heres a "paper" copy of the RevCRC16 CITT calculations

The Polynominal number is such number that when used in the calculation of a CRC will reduce the possibility of error to almost nothing.  It has to do with BIT being wrong at the left or the right or in the middle of your data stream.  It way above me but thats what I understood.











MSB





LSB






15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

HEX

T








0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0  
54
 
 









0 1 0 1 0 1 0 RSHIFT 2A 1  
 










0 1 0 1 0 1 RSHIFT 15 2  
 











0 1 0 1 0 RSHIFT A 3  
 












0 1 0 1 RSHIFT 5 4  
 













0 1 0 RSHIFT 2 5  
 














0 1 RSHIFT 1 6  
 















0 RSHIFT 0 7  
 
















RSHIFT
8  


















 





















 









       



         



CRC H#FFFF
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  
FFFF
 


0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 RSHIFT 7FFF 1
H#8408 + 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 ADD POLY


New CRC = 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1  
FBF7   1


0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 RSHIFT 7DFB 2
H#8408 + 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 ADD POLY


New CRC = 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1  
F9F3    


0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 RSHIFT 7CF9 3


















NO ADD


New CRC =
1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1  
7CF9    



0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 RSHIFT 3EC7 4
H#8408 + 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 ADD POLY


New CRC = 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0  
BA74    



1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 RSHIFT 5D3A 5
H#8408 + 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 ADD POLY


New CRC = 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0  
D932    



1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 RSHIFT 6C99 6


















NO ADD


New CRC = 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1  
6C99    




1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 RSHIFT 364C 7


















NO ADD


New CRC =

1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0  
364C    





1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 RSHIFT 1B26 8


















NO ADD


New CRC = 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0   = 1B26    
HEX
1B 26  



DEC
27 38  



ASCII
^[ &  





















 





Comments:

See also:


file: /Techref/method/error/quickcrc16.htm, 33KB, , updated: 2017/11/22 23:54, local time: 2017/11/24 19:50, owner: JMN-EFP-786,
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<A HREF="http://www.piclist.com/techref/method/error/quickcrc16.htm"> A quick guide to CRC: With example calcuation of CRC 16 by Pierre Desrochers</A>

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