www.piclist.com/techref/index.htm?key=negative+numbers

> Here is my problem: How do I check for a <0 (negative) value in a PIC

register?

Simple! Just test bit 7 of the register! But, if you're interested in the

result of a subtract, you might need to look instead at the carry flag.

It all depends on exactly what you're doing.

A useful trick too is that if you want to do a signed comparison, you

have a problem with overflow if you just subtract a constant value

from a signed number, but you can do a signed comparison with an

unsigned subtract if you remap the range of values. IOW if your

byte value is equivalent to -128 through +127, by remapping this

to a range of 0-255 you can use unsigned arithmetic (and just

use the carry and zero flags). Now here's the trick; the

remapping just involves xoring the high bit of each number, so

you do something like:

movlw 80h

xorwf reg,f

movlw bound ^ 80h

subwf reg,w

Now you can just test carry as a sign bit (but note that it's

inverted! It's not a borrow) and the z flag for equality.

--

Clyde Smith-Stubbs | HI-TECH Software, | Voice: +61 7 3300 5011

clyde.....hitech.com.au | P.O. Box 103, Alderley, | Fax: +61 7 3300 5246

http://www.hitech.com.au | QLD, 4051, AUSTRALIA. | BBS: +61 7 3300 5235

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

FREE! Download our shareware (FREE for noncommercial use) MS-DOS C Compiler!

Point your Web browser at http://www.hitech.com.au/

In reply to: <9512081035.AA03659@trojan.hitech.com.au> from "Steven Addison" at Dec 8, 95 10:39:42 am

See also: www.piclist.com/techref/index.htm?key=negative+numbers