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'digital voltmeter using 16c73 ot 16c74'
1997\03\11@124555 by Bradley, Larry

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Jim, I've done a similar thing, but using a BASIC Stamp and an external
A/D converter (a MAX 186 8-channel unit) to measure battery voltage and
current, plus compute amphours for my sailboat.

Using an external A/D gets you 12 bits of resolution (1 part in 4096),
but at a cost of more external components.

Your voltage divider with the FET could get you into some problems due
to the on-resistance of the FET being both unknown (although calibration
can take care of that) and variable with temperature. If you really
wanted to go this route, you might use a small reed relay.

For the current, I'd use an op-amp to bring the signal up to 2 volts,
rather than divide the reference down.
I wouldn't use the Vdd as a reference, if you really want your .1 volt
of resolution to refelect any great degree of accuracy. I don't think a
typical 5 volt regulator chip will give you enough stability under
conditions of changing temperature and line voltage change.

It all really depends on what results you need. What accuracy (which is
different from resolution) do you need? Waht is the environment? Will
temperature and line voltage vary much? Is the project cost-sensitive,
such that an external A/D would make it to expensive?

.1 volt resolution in a 25 volt signal is fine, (about .4%), but if you
are using 1% resistors in your dividers, you could be out by 2% in
accuracy if both resistors happen to fall on the opposite extremes of
their limits. And when youtake into account the regulator as reference,
the FET switch, etc, you could be in the 5% accuaracy range, no better
than an analog meter.

Have fun!

Larry

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1997\03\11@183903 by Michael N. Steen

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>>----------
>>From:  jim ruxton[SMTP:cinetronspamKILLspamPASSPORT.CA]
>>Sent:  Monday, February 24, 1997 6:26 PM
>>To:    .....PICLISTKILLspamspam.....MITVMA.MIT.EDU
>>
>>I am designing a small digital voltmeter and current meter to build into a
>>piece of equipment. I'm probably going to use a 16c73 or 16c74.
>>  I would like to be able to measure 0 to 40 Volts and 0 to 20 Amps. In the
>>lower range ( 0 to 25 Volts) I wanted .1 volt of resolution. If I feed the
>>input voltage through a 5.1:1 voltage divider network and  into an A/D pin
>>clamping the voltage at 5 volts I should get .1 volts per step ie. 255 =
>>25.5 volts, using Vdd = 5 volts as the reference.  [ ... ]

If you are going to use 16C74 you should keep the reference voltage
3.0V < Vref < 0.70 Vdd according to Errata sheet 74_e3a3, which can be
found on the Microchip website. There is a newer errata sheet too, 74a_b1e1,
that don't mention this problem so maybe they fixed it.  Anyway, just be
aware that you might have a problem if Vref is too high.  It's easily fixed,
just scale your input voltage accordingly.

Regards
Michael

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