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> I have a simple question regarding MOSFETs
No, you don't :-).
But a simple answer will suffice for now.
For low FET loads or low speed PWM a simple driver is OK.
Using a "logic FET" which is fully on (enhanced) at Vg=5V will allow
direct PIC drive.
Use a small resistor (say 100r PIC to gate and add a zener gate to
ground. MAJOR blowups may destroy your PIC.
For crisp FET performance with PWM or other signals above say a few
kHz you MUST insert and remove the FET gate charge rapidly. This
requires current peaks of hundreds of milliamps to a few amps. Overall
current is low (under 10 mA) but peak current is far beyond what a PIC
pin will provide. Result is very slow switching.
The attached circuit is cheap, simple and works superbly.
It is one of the circuits which you will use forever once you discover
Add a capacitor across R5 to improve high speed performance (try 1 nF
The circuit can be "improved" by replacing D1 with a PNP transistor
base to base and emitter to emitter with Q8 and collector grounded BUT
this is seldom needed.
Funny part numbers are due to this being an extract from another
I use Q8 = BC337 but any NPN with good beta (current gain) and at
least a 500 mA rating will do.
R6 1k - 10k typically - use lower values in range for lower drive
Z2 just greater than gate drive voltage - do not leave it out.
R4 say 10r. Affects drive current peaks so don't make too high.
Observe effect on switching edges on scope.
D1 SHOULD be high current, high enough speed but 1N4148 often does
This circuit is very ancient and extremely good at what it does for
its low cost and complexity.
As a bonus it provides some protection for the PIC against major
blowups. If you are driving a high voltage then you may wish to
analyse possible failure modes. A reasonable zener at Z2 will usually
see a FET fail drain-source short with gate open under catastrophic
failure, which is good for the PIC.
Note: Remember that an inductive load will require a flyback diode OR
some other way of controlling inductive spike at turn off.
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I have used the Microchip TC4426A
with excellent results.
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