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Digital to Analog Conversion

Microchip PIC specific D2A

Ubicom SX specific D2A

Analog to Digital Conversion


Don Hyde says:

An R-2R ladder can be used to turn a group of [digital] output pins into a DAC for a few cents. Below is a 3-bit DAC. Using 3 [digital] output pins (beware of the odball open drain pins, they're no good for this), this circuit will provide 0 - Vcc*(7/8) volts out, with a 2R source impedence.

It can be extended to more bits by replicating the MSB R-2R end of the ladder.

Up to 4 bits can be achieved with 5% resistors.

Up to 6 bits can be achieved with 1% resistors.


In many applications, it would be advisable to buffer the output with an op-amp.

A circuit like this can achieve waaay higher output frequencies than PWM, and can be easier to filter, at the expense of using up a bunch of pins.

OUT o--+-/\/\/\/\----o MSB
       |    2R
       \ R
       +-/\/\/\/\----o Middle bit
       |    2R
       / R
       +-/\/\/\/\----o LSB
       |    2R
       \ 2R

PICList Thread '[EE]: high res DA challenge'


See also:

file: /Techref/io/d2a.htm, 2KB, , updated: 2013/7/22 16:20, local time: 2015/12/1 14:11,

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